District Courts are established under the Judicature Act, No. 2 of 1978 for each judicial district in Sri Lanka. The territorial limits of each judicial district is as determined by the Minister in charge of the subject of Justice in consultation with the Chief Justice and the President of the Court of Appeal. There are 54 judicial districts in Sri Lanka.
Sittings of the court are held in a convenient place within the territorial jurisdiction of the district, as appointed by the Minister by Regulation made under section 5(3) of the Judicature Act, No.2 of 1978.
Every District Court is a court of record and is vested with unlimited original jurisdiction in all civil, revenue, trust, insolvency and testamentary matters other than such matters as are assigned to any other court by Law.
Jurisdiction in respect of commercial disputes which are greater than Rs. 3 million in value and arising in the Western Province, is exercised by the High Court sitting in Colombo